Insomnia, Health, and Health-related Quality of Life in an Urban Clinic Sample of People Living with HIV/AIDS

Brooke G. Rogers, Sierra Bainter, Rosana Smith-Alvarez, William K. Wohlgemuth, Michael H. Antoni, Allan E Rodriguez, Steven A. Safren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective/Background: Insomnia is a prevalent and interfering comorbidity of HIV infection. Nearly 70% of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) experience symptoms of insomnia and associated distress. The current study examined the mechanisms of insomnia in HIV health status and health-related quality of life and explored behavioral pathways to explain relationships. Participants: Participants (N = 103) were active patients in an HIV clinic located within a nonprofit, tertiary care hospital in a large, urban city in the Southeast United States. Methods: Participants completed a clinical sleep interview and self-report assessments for adherence to antiretroviral medication, depression (PHQ-9), quality of life (ACTG-QOL), and relevant covariates. Viral load and CD4 were obtained via medical chart review. Results: Insomnia affected 67% of the clinic sample. Insomnia symptoms were directly associated with poorer health-related quality of life (p<.001). Greater insomnia symptoms were also significantly associated with greater depressive symptoms [b =.495, S.E. =.061], poorer medication adherence [b = −.912, S.E. =.292], and worse health status measured by absolute CD4 count [b = −.011, S.E. =.005]. Conclusions: In this sample of PLWHA, insomnia was associated with poorer health-related quality of life and worse health status. Future research and practice should consider insomnia treatment for this population, as it could improve overall health and well-being.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBehavioral Sleep Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Neurology

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