Inpatient Hospital Outcomes and its Association with Insurance Type Among Pediatric Neurosurgery Trauma Patients

Vivian Hagerty, Shenae Samuels, Tamar Levene, Daxa Patel, Howard Levene, Heather Spader

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess the association of insurance status and inpatient hospital outcomes among a nationally representative population of pediatric trauma neurosurgery patients. Methods: The 2006, 2009, and 2012 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database was queried for all pediatric neurosurgery patients (birth through 17 years) with primary International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, Clinical Modification, procedure codes for trauma or hematoma. Results: Self-pay patients were 2.5 times more likely to die during hospitalization. Results also showed that pediatric neurosurgery patients with private insurance had a reduced length of stay and were more likely to have a favorable disposition at discharge. Conclusions: Insurance status is significantly associated with mortality, length of stay, and favorable discharge disposition among pediatric neurosurgery trauma patients. Further studies are needed to examine the underlying mechanism of the observed associations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e484-e489
JournalWorld neurosurgery
Volume141
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Insurance
  • Length of stay
  • Mortality
  • Neurosurgery
  • Outcomes
  • Pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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