Inner workings of thrombolites: Spatial gradients of metabolic activity as revealed by metatranscriptome profiling

J. M. Mobberley, C. L.M. Khodadad, P. T. Visscher, R. P. Reid, P. Hagan, J. S. Foster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Microbialites are sedimentary deposits formed by the metabolic interactions of microbes and their environment. These lithifying microbial communities represent one of the oldest ecosystems on Earth, yet the molecular mechanisms underlying the function of these communities are poorly understood. In this study, we used comparative metagenomic and metatranscriptomic analyses to characterize the spatial organization of the thrombolites of Highborne Cay, The Bahamas, an actively forming microbialite system. At midday, there were differences in gene expression throughout the spatial profile of the thrombolitic mat with a high abundance of transcripts encoding genes required for photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation and exopolymeric substance production in the upper three mm of the mat. Transcripts associated with denitrification and sulfate reduction were in low abundance throughout the depth profile, suggesting these metabolisms were less active during midday. Comparative metagenomics of the Bahamian thrombolites with other known microbialite ecosystems from across the globe revealed that, despite many shared core pathways, the thrombolites represented genetically distinct communities. This study represents the first time the metatranscriptome of living microbialite has been characterized and offers a new molecular perspective on those microbial metabolisms, and their underlying genetic pathways, that influence the mechanisms of carbonate precipitation in lithifying microbial mat ecosystems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number12601
JournalScientific reports
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 27 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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