Of 42 patients with supraventricular tachycardia related to dual atrioventricular (A-V) nodal pathway conduction, 8 had sustained tachycardia induced during programmed ventricular stimulation. The characteristics of the tachycardia in three patients suggested that the A-V nodal reentrant tachycardia used a slow pathway for anterograde conduction and a fast pathway for retrograde conduction (slow-fast form). In these patients, the retrograde effective refractory period was longer in the slow than in the fast pathway. Ventriculoatrial (V-A) conduction curves (V1-V2, A1-A2) were smooth. Ventricular premature beats, being conducted retrograde over the fast pathway, could activate the slow pathway in an anterograde direction, initiating the slow-fast form of A-V nodal reentrant tachycardia. In the remaining five patients, the tachycardia used a fast pathway for anterograde conduction and a slow pathway for retrograde conduction (fast-slow form). In these patients, the retrograde effective refractory period was longer in the fast than in the slow pathway. V-A conduction curves (V1-V2, A1-A2) could be either smooth or discontinuous if there was a sudden increase in V-A conduction time. Ventricular premature beats, conducted retrograde over the slow pathway, could activate the fast pathway in an anterograde direction, establishing a tachycardia circuit in reverse of the slow-fast form. In both groups of patients, the ventricular pacing cycle length appeared to be a crucial factor in the ability to expose functional discordance between the two A-V nodal pathways during retrograde conduction. The fast-slow form of A-V nodal reentrant tachycardia, similar to the slow-fast form, could also be induced during atrial premature stimulation in two patients. In this situation, the slow pathway having an anterograde effective refractory period longer, than that of the fast pathway was a requisite condition; anterograde A-V nodal conduction curves (A1-A2, H1-H2) were smooth. Atrial premature beats, conducted anterograde over the fast pathway, could activate the slow pathway in a retrograde direction resulting In an atrial echo or sustained fast-slow form of A-V nodal reentrant tachycardia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine