Initial antigen encounter programs CD8+ T cells competent to develop into memory cells that are activated in an antigen-free, IL-7- and IL-15-rich environment

Roberto Carrio, Oliver F. Bathe, Thomas Malek

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Abstract

Although much is known concerning the immunobiology of CD8+ T memory cells, the initial events favoring the generation of CD8+ T memory cells remain poorly defined. Using a culture system that yields memory-like CD8+ T cells, we show that 1 day after Ag encounter, Ag-activated T cells developed into memory-like T cells, but this optimally occurred 3 days after Ag encounter. Key phenotypic, functional, and molecular properties that typify central memory T cells were expressed within 48 h when the activated CD8+ T cells were cultured with IL-7 or IL-15 in the absence of Ag or following transfer into normal mice. These data support a model whereby Ag activation of naive CD8+ T cells not only programs effector cell expansion and contraction but the potential to develop into a memory cell which ensues in an Ag-free environment containing IL-7 or IL-15.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7315-7323
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume172
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 15 2004

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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