Inhibitory effects of analogs of luteinizing hormone‐releasing hormone on the growth of the androgen‐independent dunning R‐3327‐AT‐1 rat prostate cancer

Jacek Pinski, Herta Reile, Gabor Halmos, Kate Groot, Andrew V. Schally

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Abstract

The effects of treatment with the luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) antagonist SB-75 and agonist [D-Trp6] LH-RH were investigated in Copenhagen rats bearing the anaplastic, androgen-independent Dunning R-3327-AT-I prostatic adenocarcinoma implanted orthotopically into the ventral lobes of prostate glands. The LH-RH antagonist SB-75 and the LH-RH agonist [D-Trp6] LH-RH were administered from osmotic minipumps and the survival time of animals bearing this cancer was evaluated. Treatment with SB-75 and [D-Trp6] LH-RH significantly prolonged the mean survival time of rats by 4.1 days and 4.5 days, respectively. In cell cultures, proliferation of the AT-I cell line was strongly inhibited by the antagonist SB-75, but only a moderate suppression of tumor cell growth in vitro was observed with the agonist [D-Trp6] LH-RH. Receptor assays on Dunning R-3327-AT-I tumor membranes showed high-affinity binding sites for LH-RH, epidermal growth factor (EGF) and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). Receptors for EGF were significantly down-regulated by treatment with SB-75. Therapy with SB-75 also decreased EGF levels in tumor tissue to non-detectable levels, as measured by specific RIA. Our results demonstrate that the LH-RH antagonist SB-75 and agonist [D-Trp6] LH-RH inhibit the growth of androgen-independent Dunning R-3327-AT-I prostatic cancer in vivo and in vitro.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-55
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume59
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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