The nature and extent of enkephalin- and morphine-induced inhibition of pancreatic bicarbonate and protein secretion were studied in dogs with chronic pancreatic fistulae after administering exogenous secretin or octapeptide of cholecystokinin and stimulants for the endogenous release of these hormones. Enkephalin and morphine competitively inhibited the pancreatic bicarbonate secretion induced either by exogenous secretin or duodenal acidification. This inhibition was partially reversed by naloxone, an opiate antagonist. Opiate substances also profoundly inhibited pancreatic protein response to octapeptide of cholecystokinin and to various stimulants of endogenous cholecystokinin release. We conclude that enkephalin and morphine strongly inhibit the pancreatic responses to exogenous and endogenous stimulants by a mechanism involving separate opiate receptors.
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