The efficacy of therapy with targeted cytotoxic luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analog AN-207 consisting of superactive doxorubicin derivative AN-201 linked to carrier [d-Lys6]LH-RH was evaluated in vivo in nude mice bearing xenografts of MDA-PCa-2b prostate cancer line. AN-207 was administered intravenously (i.v.) at 200 nmol/kg on day 1 and at 150 nmol/kg on day 14. After 4 weeks of treatment with AN-207, tumor growth was inhibited as shown by a 63% (P < 0.01) decrease in tumor volume and a 55% (P < 0.05) reduction in tumor weight, compared with controls. None of the animals died after administration of AN-207 at the total dose of 350 nmol/kg, and at the end of the experiment the body weights of mice given AN-207 did not differ significantly from controls. A single injection of cytotoxic radical AN-201 at 200 nmol/kg resulted in 43% mortality. In the surviving mice, AN-201 caused a 50% inhibition in tumor volume and a 27% reduction in tumor weight, which were non-significant, as compared to the controls. After 4 weeks, serum prostate-specific antigen concentrations in mice treated with AN-207 were 65% lower than those in controls (P < 0.05), while in animals given AN-201 the reduction in serum prostate-specific antigen was only 40% (NS). The expression of mRNA for LHRH receptors was detected by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in MDA-PCa-2b tumors. The present study indicates that chemotherapy targeted to LHRH receptors on tumors inhibits growth of MDA-PCa-2B prostate cancers representative of human carcinoma disseminated to the bone and progressing despite androgen withdrawal.
- Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone
- Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone receptors
- Prostate cancer
- Targeted chemotherapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Molecular Biology