The aim of this study was to test the antagonist of LH-RH (Cetrorelix), agonist [D-Trp6]LH-RH (triptorelin) and new bombesin antagonists RC-3940-II and RC-3950-II for their effect on the growth of an androgen-independent prostate cancer cell line, DU-145, xenografted into nude mice. Xenografts were grown in male nude mice, and after 4 weeks, the animals were treated either with saline (control) or with one of the analogues. One group of mice was given a combination of Cetrorelix and RC-3950-II. Treatment was given for 4 weeks. Tumour and body weights, and tumour volumes were measured. At sacrifice, tumours were dissected for histological examination and receptor studies. Serum was collected for measurement of hormone levels. The final tumour volume in control animals injected with saline was 577 ± 155 mm3 and that of animals treated with Cetrorelix only 121.4 ± 45 mm3 (P < 0.01). Bombesin antagonists RC-3940-II and RC-3950-II also significantly reduced DU- 145 tumour volume in nude mice to 84.9 ± 19.9 and 96.8 ± 28 mm3 respectively. Agonist [D-Trp6]LH-RH did not significantly inhibit tumour growth. Serum levels of LH were decreased to 0.08 ± 0.02 ng/ml (P < 0.05) in the Cetrorelix treated group as compared to 1.02 ± 0.1 ng/ml for the controls, and testosterone levels were reduced to castration levels (0.01 ± 0.01 ng/ml). Specific receptors for EGF and LH-RH in DU-145 tumours were significantly downregulated after treatment with Cetrorelix, RC-3940-II and RC-3950-II. Although LH-RH could be a local regulator of growth of prostate cancer, the fall in LH-RH receptors is not fully understood and the inhibitory effects of Cetrorelix and bombesin antagonists on DU-145 tumour growth might be attributed at least in part to a downregulation of EHF receptors. Since Cetrorelix and bombesin antagonists inhibit growth of androgen-independent DU-145 prostate cancers, these compounds could be considered for the therapy of advanced prostate cancer in men, especially after relapse.
- Androgen-independent prostate cancer
- Bombesin/GRP antagonists
- LH-RH antagonist
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research