The requirement for Notch signaling in vasculogenesis and angiogenesis is well documented. In a previous study, we showed that activation of the Notch pathway in endothelial cells induces differentiation-associated growth arrest; however, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. Here, we show that activation of the Notch pathway by either stimulation of cell surface Notch receptors with crosslinked soluble Delta-like 4 (sDll4)/Jagged1 (sJag1) or constitutive expression of the Notch1 intracellular domain (NIC) suppresses endothelial cell proliferation. This suppression is mediated by the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathways. Following Notch1 activation, both pathways were suppressed in endothelial cells, and alterations in MAPK or PI3K/Akt pathway activity reversed Notch1-induced growth inhibition. Furthermore, we found the effect of Notch1 on endothelial cells to require Mastermind-like (MAML). Overexpression of a dominant-negative mutant of MAML1 antagonized the effects of activated Notch1 on the MAPK and PI3K/Akt pathways. Ectopic expression of Hairy/Enhancer of Split 1 (HES1) consistently reproduced the inhibitory effect of NIC on endothelial cell proliferation. Together, our data demonstrate that the Notch/MAML-HES signaling cascade can regulate both MAPK and PI3K/Akt pathways, which suggests a molecular mechanism for the inhibitory effect of Notch signaling on endothelial cell proliferation.
- Cell growth
- Cell signaling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Cell Biology