Influence of Dead-End Sections of Drinking Water Distribution Networks on Optimization of Booster Chlorination Systems

Ahmed A. Abokifa, Abhilasha Maheshwari, Ravindra D. Gudi, Pratim Biswas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The impact of implementing an advanced water quality model for simulating the dead-end sections of drinking water distribution networks on the outcomes of booster chlorination optimization is investigated. An advection-dispersion-reaction transport model that accounts for the realistic spatial distribution of water demands along dead-end pipes is linked to a genetic algorithm to find the optimal layout and operation of booster chlorination stations. The objective function is formulated and solved to find the optimal locations and chlorine dosing schedules of the booster stations that minimize the total costs of design and operation of the booster system, while maintaining a sufficient residual throughout the distribution network. The results highlight the importance of considering dispersive solute transport, as well as the excessive residence times encountered in the dead-end branches in the water quality simulations conducted for network optimization problems. While this study addresses the optimization of booster chlorination systems, its implications extend to a wide array of network optimization applications, including pump scheduling for water quality optimization, optimal sensor placement for reactive contaminant detection, and design of real-time boost-response systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4019053
JournalJournal of Water Resources Planning and Management
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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