Influence of body mass index on outcome of pediatric chronic hepatitis C virus infection

Aymin Delgado, David Healey, Betania Negre, Marielle Christofi, Sabina Sabharwal, David A. Ludwig, Raymond T. Chung, Maureen M. Jonas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Aims: Evidence demonstrates that obesity is associated with progression of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and poor response to interferon therapy among HCV-infected adults. However, this evidence has been confounded by multiple comorbidities present in adult cohorts and the use of single adult doses. Patients and Methods: We performed a retrospective investigation to evaluate the role of body mass index (BMI) in chronic HCV progression and response to therapy in the children. One hundred twenty-three children and teenagers studied at Children's Hospital Boston for HCV infection between 1998 and 2007 were included. Patients' weight and height at the time of liver biopsy or before and after HCV therapy were obtained and BMI was calculated. Results: The presence of steatosis was statistically associated with higher mean (±SE) BMI percentiles (72nd ± 5.8 vs 58th ± 3.5) percentile; F(1,101) = 4.2, P = 0.04. Nonresponders to treatment had a higher mean (±SE) BMI percentile (70th ± 7.4) when compared with responders (50th ± 6.5) in univariate and multivariate analyses (P = 0.04, P = 0.02, respectively). Using a multivariate model, it was calculated that 1 standard deviation (1 z-score unit) increase in baseline BMI z score is associated with a 12% decrease in the probability of sustained virologic response. Conclusions: Overweight adversely affects the progression of chronic HCV liver disease and is associated with diminished response to antiviral therapy using weight-based dosing in a cohort with minimal comorbidities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-197
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010

Keywords

  • fibrosis
  • interferon
  • obesity
  • pediatric
  • steatosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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    Delgado, A., Healey, D., Negre, B., Christofi, M., Sabharwal, S., Ludwig, D. A., Chung, R. T., & Jonas, M. M. (2010). Influence of body mass index on outcome of pediatric chronic hepatitis C virus infection. Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition, 51(2), 191-197. https://doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0b013e3181d32756