Social behaviors of 10- to 14-month-old infants were observed over the course of a semester while the infants played in a university parents' cooperative nursery. The group was comprised of 12 infants and their mothers. Proximal and distal, positive and negative social behaviors of these infants were recorded as they were directed toward their peers, their mothers, or other infants' mothers. Since the mothers were sometimes in and sometimes out of the room, comparisons could be made between social behaviors occurring in mother's absence and in her presence. The infants were more "social" and less "negative" toward their peers when mother was out of the room, and they exhibited more social behaviors toward their peers by the end of the semester. These results suggest that peer contacts may be facilitated by the absence of mothers and by continuing exposure to the same peers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology