Induction of the skeletal α-actin gene in α1-adrenoceptor-mediated hypertrophy of rat cardiac myocytes

N. H. Bishopric, P. C. Simpson, C. P. Ordahl

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156 Scopus citations

Abstract

Myocardial hypertrophy in vivo is associated with reexpression of contractile protein isogenes characteristic of fetal and neonatal development. The molecular signals for hypertrophy and isogene switching are unknown. We studied α (sarcomeric)-actin messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in cultured cardiac myocytes from the neonatal rat. In the cultured cells, as in the adult heart in vivo, expression of cardiac α-actin (cACT) predominated over that of skeletal α-actin (sACT) mRNA, the fetal/neonatal isoform. α1-Adrenergic receptor stimulation induced hypertrophy of these cells, increasing total RNA and cytoskeletal actin mRNA by 1.8-fold over control, and total α-actin mRNA by 4.3 fold. This disproportionate increase in total α-actin mRNA was produced by a preferential induction of sACT mRNA, which increased by 10.6-fold over control versus only 2.6-fold for cACT mRNA. The α1-adrenoceptor is the first identified molecular mediator of early developmental isogene reexpression in cardiac myocyte hypertrophy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1194-1199
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume80
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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