Induction of stromelysin-1 and collagenase synthesis in fibrochondrocytes by tumor necrosis factor-α

M. Zuhdi Jasser, Peter G. Mitchell, Herman S. Cheung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Stromelysin-1 and collagenase mRNA levels were assayed in fibrochondrocytes by Northern blot analysis at 0, 2, 4 8 and 24 h after stimulation with tissue necrosis for-α (TNF-α). Peak collagenase mRNA levels occurred 24 after stimulation and were increased nine-fold over the level at time 0. Stromelysin-1 mRNA levels peaked 8 h after stimulation, with a five-fold increase over the level at time 0. A TNF-α dose-related response to both collagenase and stromelysin-1 mRNA accumulation was also demonstrated. Confirmation of the presence of secreted metalloproteinases in the conditioned media was established by immunoprecipitation of stromelsyin-1 and Western blotting of collagenase. Both enzymes were secreted in latent forms. Consistent with stromelysin-1 activity, substrate gels demonstrated a doublet of caseinase activity with molecular masses at 57 kDa and 59 kDa in TNF-α stimulated samples. Collagenase assays of conditioned media also demonstrated a significant increase in collagenase activity after stimulation by TNF-α. While epidermal growth factor had a minimal effect on stromelysin-1 and collagenase expression, transforming growth factor-β, and insulin-like growth factor-1 did not induce either enzyme activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-249
Number of pages9
JournalMatrix Biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • collagenase
  • fibrochondrocytes
  • stromelysin
  • tumor necrosis factor-alpha

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology


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