Induction of reproducible brain infarction by photochemically initiated thrombosis

Brant D. Watson, W. Dalton Dietrich, Raul Busto, Mitchell S. Wachtel, Myron D. Ginsberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

845 Scopus citations


We have used a photochemical reaction in vvivo to induce reproducible thrombosis leading to cerebral infarction in rats. After the intravenous injection of rose bengal, a potent photosensitizing dye, an ischemic lesion was formed by irradiating the left parietal convexity of the exposed skull for 20 minutes with green light (560 nm) from a filtered xenon arc lamp. Animals were allowed to survive from 30 minutes to 15 days after irradiation. Early microscopic alterations within the irradiated zone included the formation of thrombotic plugs and adjacent red blood cell stasis within pial and parenchymal vessels. Scanning electron microscopy revealed frequent platelet aggregates adhering to the vascular endothelium, often resulting in vascular occlusion. Carbon-black brain perfusion demonstrated that occlusion of vascular channels progressed after irradiation and was complete within 4 hours. Histopathological examination at 1, 5, and 15 days revealed that the associated infarct evolved reproducibly through several characteristic stages, including a phase of massive macrophage infiltration. Although cerebral infarction in this model is initiated by thrombosis of small blood vessels, the fact that the main pathological features of stroke are consistently reproduced should permit its use in assessing treatment regimens. Further, the capability of producing infarction in preselected cortical regions may facilitate the study of behavioral, functional, and structural consequences of acute and chronic stroke.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-504
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of neurology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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