We compared the development of antigen-induced airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) 24 h after challenge with Ascaris suum antigen in allergic sheep with acute (n = 7) and with dual (n = 7) airway responses and then attempted to modify this AHR. Cholinergic airway responsiveness was determined by measuring the carbachol dose required to increase specific lung resistance (sRL) 150% (i.e., PC150). Subsequently the sheep were challenged with antigen and sRL was measured at predetermined times to document the presence or absence of a late response. PC150 was redetermined 24 h later followed by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) to assess inflammation. Only dual responders developed AHR (PC150 decreased, P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in BAL between the two groups. Six dual responders were then, on separate occasions (≥3 wk), pretreated with placebo, indomethacin (2 mg/kg iv), or a leukotriene antagonist, FPL-57231 (30 mg inhaled). Neither agent significantly affected the acute response to antigen. Only FPL pretreatment blocked the late response, but both agents blocked the antigen-induced AHR 24 h later. BAL at 24 h showed no significant differences. These results indicate that only dual responders develop AHR 24 h after antigen challenge. This AHR appears independent of the late increase in sRL or the severity of pulmonary inflammation. AHR appears to be sensitive to agents that interfere with the early release or actions of cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase metabolites in dual responders.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)