Individual-centered education: An any one, any time, any where approach to engineering education

James M. Tien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Engineering education is beset by many of the same challenges that have affected American industry. Much has been recommended and implemented to improve engineering education. However, the traditional structure of engineering education remains, even though current exigencies require a fundamental restructuring. In an earlier paper, the author proposed a para/professional model as an alternative to the traditional engineering degree structure. At a more detailed level, this paper proposes to restructure the very nature of how higher education is delivered - from a group-centered activity to an individual-centered approach that would allow any one to access educational material or multimedia courseware at any time and from any where. Fortunately, the enabling technologies for such an individual-centered approach are, for the most, available. Nevertheless, several challenges must be addressed before individual-centered education can become a reality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)213-218
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics Part C: Applications and Reviews
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Information Systems
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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