Indicators of Ocean and human health

Eric Dewailly, Chris Furgal, Anthony Knap, Jennifer Galvin, Dan Baden, Bob Bowen, Michael Depledge, Linda Duguay, Lora Fleming, Tim Ford, Fredricka Moser, Richard Owen, William A. Suk, Umit Unluata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The interactions between humans and the ocean are significant, and necessitate more comprehensive study on an international scale. The world's oceans provide great health benefits to humans ranging from food and nutritional resources, to recreational opportunities and new treatments for human disease. However, recently, human health effects from exposure to substances present in the marine ecosystem such as synthetic organic chemicals (e.g., chlorobiphenyls, chlorinated dioxins and some industrial solvents), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), metals (both introduced and anthropogenic), marine toxins, and pathogens have been recorded and are of great concern. This paper reviews our state of knowledge of the interactions between oceans and human health and proposes indicators and a research strategy to investigate and monitor these relationships more closely. Four approaches to gathering information on indicators included here are: biomarkers; cellular pathology; physiological and behavioural responses; and changes in populations. All hold the potential to enhance our understanding of marine environmental quality and far-reaching effects on human health. Monitoring systems that include the rapid assessment of contaminants in the ecosystem and subsequent risk to human populations, with appropriate internationally distributed data bases, need to be developed and validated. Such tools would provide early detection of potential environmental threats, and enhance the ability to prevent human illness.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCanadian Journal of Public Health
Volume93
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
StatePublished - Sep 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Oceans and Seas
Health
Ecosystem
Marine Toxins
Organic Chemicals
Dioxins
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Insurance Benefits
Population
Biomarkers
Metals
Databases
Pathology
Food
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Dewailly, E., Furgal, C., Knap, A., Galvin, J., Baden, D., Bowen, B., ... Unluata, U. (2002). Indicators of Ocean and human health. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 93(SUPPL. 1).

Indicators of Ocean and human health. / Dewailly, Eric; Furgal, Chris; Knap, Anthony; Galvin, Jennifer; Baden, Dan; Bowen, Bob; Depledge, Michael; Duguay, Linda; Fleming, Lora; Ford, Tim; Moser, Fredricka; Owen, Richard; Suk, William A.; Unluata, Umit.

In: Canadian Journal of Public Health, Vol. 93, No. SUPPL. 1, 01.09.2002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dewailly, E, Furgal, C, Knap, A, Galvin, J, Baden, D, Bowen, B, Depledge, M, Duguay, L, Fleming, L, Ford, T, Moser, F, Owen, R, Suk, WA & Unluata, U 2002, 'Indicators of Ocean and human health', Canadian Journal of Public Health, vol. 93, no. SUPPL. 1.
Dewailly E, Furgal C, Knap A, Galvin J, Baden D, Bowen B et al. Indicators of Ocean and human health. Canadian Journal of Public Health. 2002 Sep 1;93(SUPPL. 1).
Dewailly, Eric ; Furgal, Chris ; Knap, Anthony ; Galvin, Jennifer ; Baden, Dan ; Bowen, Bob ; Depledge, Michael ; Duguay, Linda ; Fleming, Lora ; Ford, Tim ; Moser, Fredricka ; Owen, Richard ; Suk, William A. ; Unluata, Umit. / Indicators of Ocean and human health. In: Canadian Journal of Public Health. 2002 ; Vol. 93, No. SUPPL. 1.
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