Indicaciones y manejo de la toxina botulinica

Translated title of the contribution: Indications and use of botulinus toxin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction. Botulinus toxin (BTX) is the most potent biological toxin yet known. It is produced by Clostridium botulinium, a Gram positive bacteria. Development. Type A Botulinus toxin is the most widely used in human drug trials. It has become the treatment of choice for blepharospasm, hemifacial spasm, cervical dystonia and laryngeal dystonia. It may also be used in the treatment of patients with oromandibular dystonia and limb dystonia, especially writer's cramp, and has been used successfully in the treatment of spasticity and cerebral paralysis. There are many benefits from this treatment, including improved walking, improved posture of wheelchair patients, improvement of patients with spasms and easier extension of their arms and knees. The toxin also alleviates pain and may be used in therapeutic trials for prediction of the response to surgical elongation.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)157-162
Number of pages6
JournalRevista de neurologia
Volume29
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 16 1999

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Keywords

  • Blepharospasm
  • Botulinus toxin
  • Cerebral paralysis
  • Cervical dystonia
  • Dystonia of the hand
  • Focal dystonia
  • Laryngeal dystonia
  • Oromandibular dystonia
  • Spasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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