Increasing uptake of evidence-based screening services though a community health worker-delivered multimodality program: Study protocol for a randomized pragmatic trial

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Underserved ethnic minority populations experience significant disparities in HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), colorectal cancer (CRC), and cervical cancer incidence and mortality. Much of the excess burden of these diseases among underserved communities is due to lack of preventive care, including screening. Barriers to disease screening include low awareness, lack of access to care and health insurance, and cultural beliefs regarding disease prevention. Our current trial aims to examine community health worker (CHW)-delivered, home-based multi-modality screening for HIV, HCV, CRC, and cervical cancer simultaneously. Design: We are conducting a randomized pragmatic trial among 900 Haitian, Hispanic, and African-American participants from diverse underserved communities in South Florida. People between the ages of 50 and 65 who have not had appropriate HIV, HCV, CRC, and cervical cancer screening per United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations are eligible for the study. Participants are recruited by CHWs and complete a structured interview to assess multilevel determinants of disease risk. Participants are then randomized to receive HIV, HCV, CRC, and cervical cancer screening via navigation to care by a CHW (Group 1) or via CHW-delivered home-based screening (Group 2). The primary outcome is completion of screening for each of these diseases within 6 months post-enrollment. Discussion: Our trial is among the first to examine the effectiveness of a CHW-delivered, multimodality, home-based disease-screening approach. If found to be effective, this approach may represent a cost-effective strategy for disease screening within underserved and underscreened minority groups. Trial registration: Clinical Trials.gov # NCT02970136, registered November 21, 2016.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number368
JournalTrials
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 29 2020

Keywords

  • Cervical cancer
  • Colorectal cancer
  • HIV
  • HPV
  • Haitian
  • Hepatitis C
  • Hispanic
  • Immigrant
  • Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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