Increased release of kaliuretic peptide during immersion-induced central hypervolemia in cirrhotic humans

David L. Vesely, Richard Preston, William R. Gower, Shirley Chiou, Murray Epstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Kaliuretic peptide is a recently discovered potent stimulator of potassium and water excretion. Its role in modulating renal water handling in cirrhotic patients has not been defined. The responses of circulating kaliuretic peptide and atrial natriuretic factor in 8 cirrhotic subjects to water immersion were significantly greater (p < 0.05) than those of 7 healthy volunteers. With cessation of immersion, atrial natriuretic factor decreased within 30 min to preimmersion values, whereas kaliuretic peptide remained significantly elevated > 1 h, suggesting a slower clearance for kaliuretic peptide. The peak diuretic response to immersion corresponded in a temporal fashion to the peak circulating concentration of kaliuretic peptide, suggesting a possible physiological role of kaliuretic peptide in modulating volume homeostasis in cirrhotic humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-137
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Nephrology
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Keywords

  • Atrial natriuretic peptide
  • Central hypervolemia
  • Kaliuretic peptide
  • Water immersion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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