Increased Intestinal Permeability Is Associated With Later Development of Crohn's Disease

The Crohn's and Colitis Canada Genetic Environmental Microbial Project Research Consortium, The CCC GEM Project recruitment site directors include Maria Abreu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background & Aims: Increased intestinal permeability has been associated with Crohn's disease (CD), but it is not clear whether it is a cause or result of the disease. We performed a prospective study to determine whether increased intestinal permeability is associated with future development of CD. Methods: We assessed the intestinal permeability, measured by the urinary fractional excretion of lactulose-to-mannitol ratio (LMR) at recruitment in 1420 asymptomatic first-degree relatives (6–35 years old) of patients with CD (collected from 2008 through 2015). Participants were then followed up for a diagnosis of CD from 2008 to 2017, with a median follow-up time of 7.8 years. We analyzed data from 50 participants who developed CD after a median of 2.7 years during the study period, along with 1370 individuals who remained asymptomatic until October 2017. We used the Cox proportional hazards model to evaluate time-related risk of CD based on the baseline LMR. Results: An abnormal LMR (>0.03) was associated with a diagnosis of CD during the follow-up period (hazard ratio, 3.03; 95% CI, 1.64–5.63; P = 3.97 × 10–4). This association remained significant even when the test was performed more than 3 years before the diagnosis of CD (hazard ratio, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.051–2.50; P =.029). Conclusions: Increased intestinal permeability is associated with later development of CD; these findings support a model in which altered intestinal barrier function contributes to pathogenesis. Abnormal gut barrier function might serve as a biomarker for risk of CD onset.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2092-2100.e5
JournalGastroenterology
Volume159
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Crohn's Risk
  • FDR Study
  • Gut Barrier
  • IBD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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