Increased free radical production due to subdural hematoma in the rat: Effect of increased inspired oxygen fraction

Egon M.R. Doppenberg, Melody R. Rice, Xiao Di, Harold F. Young, John J. Woodward, Ross Bullock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) complicates about 15%-20% of severe head injury patients and is one of the major causes for bad outcome, yet the pathomechanisms involved are not well understood. This study has employed a recently developed technique to determine whether ASDH induces free radicals in the underlying brain. We also studied the effect of increased inspired oxygen fraction (FiO2) on free radical production, both in the normal rat brain and after ASDH induction. Twelve male Sprague Dawley rats were studied over 5 h (2 h of FiO2 = 30%, 3 h of FiO2 = 100%). Hydroxyl radical production was measured with microdialysis using the salicylate trapping technique by quantitating the 2,3 dihydroxy benzoic acid (2,3 DHBA) and 2,5 dihydroxy benzoic acid (2,5 DHBA), degradation products, in either noninjured brain (n = 6) or after ASDH (n = 6). Both 2,3 DHBA and 2,5 DHBA increased significantly by 39% and 108%, respectively, after the induction of the SDH (p < 0.05). By increasing the FiO2 to 100%, 2 h after ASDH induction, the 2,3 DHBA and 2,5 DHBA further increased only slightly (ns). After increasing the FiO2 to 100% in the noninjured group, the mean level of 2,3 DHBA increased by 56% (p = 0.06, ns). The level of 2,5 DHBA in the dialysate increased significantly by 56% (p < 0.05), when the FiO2 was increased to 100% ASDH results in a significant increase in free radical production. At the same time, prolonged increase in FiO2 does not lead to further increase in free radical production in the injured brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-347
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of neurotrauma
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1998

Keywords

  • Arterial oxygen tension
  • Free radicals
  • Subdural hematoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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