Objective - Evidence supporting an association between complement (C) and type 1 diabetes (T1D) includes the identification of C-fixing islet cell autoantibodies in T1D sera and genetic associations with the major histocompatibility complex III C4 region on chromosome 6. Therefore, we investigated whether C activation was present in pancreata from those with or at increased risk (positive for T1D associated autoantibodies) for T1D. Research Design and Methods - Immunohistochemical techniques were used to measure the C degradation product C4d in organ donor pancreata frompatients with T1D and type 2 diabetes and autoantibody-positive and autoantibody-negative subjects. Results - Median C4d antigen density differed across the groups (P < 0.0001) and was highest in patients with T1D. C4d immunostaining localized to the blood vessel endothelium and extracellular matrix surrounding blood vessels and exocrine ducts. Receiver operating characteristic analysis resulted in 81.8% sensitivity and 94.4% specificity for C4d staining. Conclusions - These data suggest that C activation is occurring within pancreata from patients with T1D and C4d may be a biomarker for T1D.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing