Objective. Uterine fibroids often require hysterectomy via a laparotomy or utilizing minimally invasive surgical (MIS) approach. Morcellation is a fragmentation of the uterus into smaller pieces. The objective of this study is to determine the incidence of malignancies found in morcellated specimens at our institution. Methods. Women who had a minimally invasive hysterectomy, for presumptive benign uterine conditions were identified, included and reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups being either benign disease or malignancies. The continuous variables uterine weight and patient age were tested for normalcy with the Shapiro-Wilk test. The exposure of subspecialist vs general gynecology was interrogated via a Chi-Squared analysis. Results. 10 cases of malignancies were identified including endometrioid endometrial carcinomas (3), uterine serous carcinoma (1), endometrial stromal sarcomas (ESS) (3), and leiomyosarcomas (LMS) (3). An overall risk of occult cancer on a morcellated specimen was.73%; leiomyosarcoma was 0.22%, endometrial stromal sarcoma 0.22%, and endometrial cancer 0.29%. The median uterine weight for the 10 morcellated malignancies was 293.5 g whereas the median weight for the benign uteri was only 117.5 g giving a theta of - 106 (95% CI - 261,20). There was no difference in patient age or surgeon type between the groups (See Table 1). Conclusions. Morcellation was associated with substantially higher risk of abdominopelvic recurrence and lower disease-free survival. Morcellated uterine malignancies were significantly heavier than benign uteri. Further research on uterine morcellation should focus on decision and cost-benefit analyses to determine the ideal candidate in whom uterine morcellation during minimally invasive hysterectomy would facilitate more good than harm.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology