Objectives. To survey and review the incidence of appendectomy performed during radical cystectomy and urinary diversion. We were interested in the reasons behind the decision and if continent diversions have changed the policy. Methods. We performed a selective survey among urologists in academic centers throughout the United States regarding their practice of incidental appendectomy during radical cystectomy. We also reviewed the literature regarding the rationale for incidental appendectomy in general and during radical cystectomy in particular. Results. Among the 13 departments and 26 urologists replying to the survey, 9 (69%) departments and 20 (77%) individual clinicians are not performing routine incidental appendectomy. In 2 departments, it is considered a matter of choice, and, in 4 (31%) departments, appendectomy is performed routinely. Many believe that the low risk of subsequent appendicitis does not justify the procedure and that the appendix may be useful for future reconstruction. A review of the literature suggests that incidental appendectomy during radical cystectomy is not necessary. Conclusions. Incidental appendectomy during radical cystectomy is not necessary and is no longer being performed in many academic centers. The risk of subsequent appendicitis is extremely low. The decision may depend on the form of urinary diversion planned. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.
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