Incidence and risk factors for venous thromboembolism in bilateral breast reduction surgery: An analysis of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program

Gustavo A. Rubio, Yasmina Zoghbi, Charles A. Karcutskie, Seth Thaller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients undergoing bilateral breast reduction surgery remains unknown. This study aimed to determine VTE incidence and risk factors in this patient cohort. Methods: American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (2010-2014) was used to identify women undergoing bilateral breast reduction. Demographic factors, comorbidities, and incidence of postoperative VTE were evaluated. Bivariate and risk-adjusted multivariate logistic regressions were performed to determine factors associated with the development of postoperative VTE. Results: A total of 5371 cases were identified. The mean age was 43.7 years (SD ± 13.9 years). The rate of VTE was 0.22%, with 0.17% rate of pulmonary embolism and 0.07% rate of deep venous thrombosis requiring treatment. Patients who suffered VTE were older (52.4 ± 12.8 vs. 43.7 ± 13.9 years, p < 0.05), had longer length of stay (1.7 ± 2.9 vs. 0.4 ± 2.1 days, p < 0.05), and had higher rates of blood transfusion (8.3% vs. 0.4%, p < 0.01) and reoperation (16.7% vs. 2.0%, p < 0.01). Risk-adjusted multivariate analysis demonstrated that older age (OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.01-1.10), postoperative blood transfusion (OR 12.1, 95% CI 1.3-112.0) and unplanned return to the operating room (OR 6.7, 95% CI 1.3-34.8) were independent risk factors for developing postoperative VTE. Conclusion: In bilateral breast reduction surgery, older patients, patients requiring blood transfusion, and patients who have unplanned return to the operating room are at an increased risk of developing postoperative VTE. These factors can be considered for patient risk-stratification and perioperative decision-making regarding VTE prevention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Keywords

  • Bilateral breast reduction
  • Deep venous thrombosis
  • NSQIP
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Reduction mammaplasty
  • Venous thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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