Incidence and Outcomes of Suprachoroidal Hemorrhage following Aurolab Aqueous Drainage Implant in Adult and Pediatric Glaucoma

Hiruni K. Wijesinghe, George V. Puthuran, Steven J. Gedde, Chinmayee Pradhan, Mohammed S. Uduman, Subbaiah R. Krishnadas, Naresh B. Kannan, Alan L. Robin, Paul Palmberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Précis: Postoperative suprachoroidal hemorrhage (PSCH) is an infrequent but devastating complication after nonvalved aqueous drainage implant surgery and demonstrated a bimodal distribution. The final outcomes of either conservative management or surgical drainage of the hemorrhage remained poor. Purpose: The aim was to report the incidence and outcomes of eyes developing PSCH after undergoing Aurolab aqueous drainage implant (AADI) surgery for adult and pediatric refractory glaucomas. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective series, case files of all patients who underwent AADI between May 2012 and December 2019 were retrieved from an electronic database. A PSCH was defined as the presence of hemorrhagic choroidal detachment, confirmed by ultrasound B scan, occurring in a closed system in the postoperative period. Results: Of the 986 eyes that underwent AADI during the study period, 7 (0.7%), developed PSCH (95% confidence interval=0.3-1.6%). There were no differences in the preoperative parameters between those with and without PSCH. Of these, 4 were seen in pediatric eyes (4/288, 1.4%) and 3 in adult eyes (3/698, 0.4%) (P<0.01). Four eyes (57%) had PSCH in the immediate postoperative period (ie, between 24 and 48 h of AADI surgery), while the remaining 3 had onset ranging from 6 to 7 weeks after surgery. Anatomic risk factors were present in all eyes including hypotony (n=4), myopia (n=3), microcornea (n=2), microphthalmos (n=1), postvitrectomy (n=1), and staphyloma (n=1). Visual acuity improved in only 1 (14%) eye while 3 (43%) eyes developed phthisis bulbi, all in the pediatric age group. Conclusions: PSCH is a rare complication following AADI and is seen in <1% eyes. The incidence is higher in the pediatric age group. Visual and anatomic outcomes are dismal following PSCH with globe salvage possible in only about half these eyes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-501
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of glaucoma
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • complications
  • glaucoma drainage devices
  • postoperative suprachoroidal hemorrhage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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