In vivo 1H MR spectroscopy with J-refocusing

Dinesh K. Deelchand, Jamie D. Walls, Małgorzata Marjańska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The goal of this study was to propose a novel localized proton MR spectroscopy (MRS) sequence that reduces signal loss due to J-modulation in the rat brain in vivo. Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats were studied at 9.4 T. A semi-LASER sequence with evenly distributed echo-time (TE) was used, and a 90° J-refocusing pulse was inserted at TE/2. Proton spectra were acquired at two TEs (30 and 68 ms), with and without the J-refocused pulse. Data were processed in MATLAB and quantified with LCModel. Results: The J-refocused spectrum acquired at TE = 30 ms did not show any signal losses due to J-modulation and had comparable spectral pattern to the one acquired with semi-LASER using the minimum achievable TE. Higher signal amplitudes for glutamine, γ-aminobutyric acid and glutathione led to more reliable quantification precision for these metabolites. The refocused signal intensities at TE = 68 ms were also unaffected by J-modulation but were smaller than the signals at TE = 30 ms mainly due to transverse T2 relaxation of metabolites. Conclusion: The proposed localized MRS sequence will be beneficial in both animal and human MRS studies when using ultra-short TE is not possible while also providing more reliable quantification precision for J-coupled metabolites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2957-2965
Number of pages9
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • 9.4 T
  • GABA
  • J-coupled metabolites
  • brain
  • glutamine
  • glutathione
  • semi-LASER

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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