In vivo hematopoietic effects of recombinant interleukin-1α in mice: Stimulation of granulocytic, monocytic, megakaryocytic, and early erythroid progenitors, suppression of late-stage erythropoiesis, and reversal of erythroid suppression with erythropoietin

C. S. Johnson, D. J. Keckler, M. I. Topper, P. G. Braunschweiger, P. Furmanski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

109 Scopus citations

Abstract

Interleukin-1α (IL-1α) is a macrophage-derived, multifunctional cytokine that broadly potentiates myelopoiesis and induces the synthesis of hematopoietic colony-stimulating factors (CSF) in vitro and in vivo. To evaluate the possibility for use of IL-1α in ameliorating in vivo bone marrow suppression induced by drugs or radiation, we examined the in vivo effects of the cytokine on erythropoietic and other hematopoietic progenitor cells. Normal mice were treated with a single intraperitoneal (IP) injection of recombinant human IL-1α at varying doses and were assayed at various times post-treatment. By six hours postinjection, a significant suppression of mature erythroid progenitors (CFU-E) was observed in animals treated with IL-1α (0.5 μg/mouse), with maximum suppression of CFU-E and peripheral blood reticulocyte counts occurring at 24 hours. Decreases in peripheral blood hematocrit did not occur after a single IL-1α injection but were observed after multiple injections of the cytokine. The suppressive effects of IL-1α on late-stage erythropoiesis were abrogated by simultaneous administration of erythropoietin (EPO). At 48 hours post-treatment, a marked stimulation was observed in the numbers of spleen and marrow immature erythroid (BFU-E), macrophage (CFU-M), granulocyte (CFU-G), granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM), and megakaryocyte (CFU-meg) progenitor cells. These results demonstrate the potential use of IL-1α as a generalized stimulator of hematopoiesis and show that the cytokine-induced suppression of late-stage erythropoiesis can be prevented by EPO.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)678-683
Number of pages6
JournalBlood
Volume73
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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