We selected two inbred strains of mice based on their different in vivo lung responses to intravenous acetylcholine for studies on the in vitro tracheal responses to contractile and relaxing agents. In addition, we studied the role of cyclooxygenase products on the in vitro responses. Tracheal rings were contracted with increasing concentrations of carbachol and KCl and relaxed with increasing concentrations of isoproterenol after contraction with carbachol at the concentration that produced 30, 50, and 70% of the maximal contraction (EC30, EC50, and EC70, respectively) and KCl at the EC50. Half the tracheae simultaneously underwent the same protocols after pretreatment with indomethacin (3 x 10-6 M). Despite a sevenfold difference in the maximal response to cholinergic agents in vivo, there were no significant differences between the strains in the tracheal responses to carbachol (P = 0.78) or KCl (P = 0.13) in vitro. Both strains showed inhibition of the isoproterenol relaxation by carbachol (P < 0.0001). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the strain that was more sensitive to carbachol in vivo was also more sensitive to isoproterenol in vitro after carbachol contraction (P = 0.014). The greater isoproterenol sensitivity of the tracheae from this strain was not present after contraction with KCl, nor were these tracheae more sensitive to relaxation with sodium nitroprusside. Indomethacin pretreatment of the tissues in vitro augmented the maximal response and the sensitivity to carbachol (P < 0.001) and KCl (P = 0.0006), and this effect was similar in both strains. Evaluation of isoproterenol relaxation after indomethacin pretreatment was confounded by the lower concentrations of carbachol needed for contraction. However, after correcting for the effects of carbachol concentration with multiple linear regression analysis, indomethacin pretreatment was found to have the independent effect of reducing the sensitivity of the tissues to isoproterenol after carbachol contraction (P = 0.006). These data suggest that differences in functional antagonism can exist between inbred strains of mice and also support an inhibitory role for cyclooxygenase products on functional antagonism in mouse trachea.
- Airway reactivity
- Airway smooth muscle
- Functional antagonism
- Mouse trachea
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation