In vitro metabolism of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 by isolated rat kidney cells

R. T. Turner, B. L. Bottemiller, G. A. Howard, D. J. Baylink

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30 Scopus citations


Cells were dispersed from rat kidney after enzymatic digestion of the extracellular matrix. When the cells were suspended in a serum-free medium and incubated with 3H-labeled 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-OH-D3) several polar metabolites, including 1,25-(OH)2[3H]D3 and 24,25-(OH)2[3H]D3 were produced. The specific activities of the 25-OH-D3:1- and 24-hydroxylases in isolated rat kidney cells were 10-100 times greater than in avian kidney homogenates. The rates of production of 1,25-(OH)2D3 and 24, 25-(OH)2D3 were linear over a wide range in cell densities (0.65-5.0x106 cells per ml) and substrate concentrations (3.5-70nM). The rate of production of 24,25-(OH)2[3H]D3 from 25-OH-[3H]D3 by cells isolated from rats fed control diet was linear with time for up to 30 min, while the synthesis of 1,25-(OH)2[3H]D3 was linear for over 90 min. The specific activity of the 25-OH-D3:1-hydroxylase was increased in kidney cells from vitamin D-deficient rats (11.5 fmol/min per 106 cells) as well as calcium-deficient rats (8.1 fmol/min per 106 cells) when compared to cells from rat fed the control diet (2.0 fmol/min per 106 cells). Also, the specific activity of the 25-OH-D3:24-hydroxylase was reduced in cells from the vitamin D-deficient rats (<0.2 fmol/min per 106 cells) and calcium-deficient rats (5.1 fmol/min per 106 cells) compared to the controls (15.2 fmol/min per 106 cells). On the basis of these results, as well as previous in vivo studies, we conclude that the metabolism of 25-OH-D3 by freshly isolated rat kidney cells reflects the in vivo activities of the renal vitamin D-metabolizing enzymes and may prove useful as an assay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1537-1540
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number3 I
StatePublished - 1980
Externally publishedYes

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