Individuals with advanced HIV infection have a greater proportion of T-cells that are activated when compared to uninfected individuals. These activated cells are not able to lyse specific targets. The reason for this dysfunction is not well known. In this study we demonstrate that there are CD8+ T-cells from HIV-seropositive individuals that can be targeted to lyse targets with OKT3 (anti-CD3 antibody) but are unable to lyse targets with WT31 (anti-αβ antibody). Treatment of peripheral blood lymphocytes with IL-2 results in an enhancement of WT31-targeted lysis in 9 of 13 individuals evaluated. These findings demonstrate a differential response, in vitro, of CD8+ T-cells to IL-2 treatment. Future work evaluating clinical responses after IL-2 therapy with recovery of targeted lysis in vitro could provide information on screening of individuals for therapeutic intervention.
- T-cell antigen receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine