In vitro comparison of glistening formation among hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses

Ninel Z. Gregori, Terrence S. Spencer, Nick Mamalis, Randall J. Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To compare glistening formation induced by temperature stressing in vitro among hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses (IOLs) available in the United States. Setting: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. Methods: Wagon Wheel (WW) packaged 1-piece AcrySof® IOLs (Alcon), WW-packaged 3-piece AcrySof IOLs, and Sensar® IOLs (Allergan Medical Optics) were analyzed in vitro for 5 consecutive days. Ten IOLs of each type were inserted into viewing chambers filled with balanced salt solution, maintained at 37°C, and evaluated every 24 hours at 37°C and then, after a 2-hour cooling, at room temperature. The IOLs were examined by slitlamp to quantify glistenings and by digital photography to determine glistening size. Results: The glistening quantity was minimal and did not differ among IOL types at 37°C. The glistenings were smallest in the 1-piece AcrySof IOLs (P < .001): 6.3 μm versus 11.5 μm in the Sensar and 13.4 μm in the 3-piece AcrySof. Upon cooling, the glistening quantity increased dramatically in the 1-piece AcrySof IOLs (P < .008) and was the highest among the IOL types at room temperature (P < .001). The mean glistening size was 7.7 μm. The 3-piece AcrySof IOLs showed a significant decrease in slitlamp-countable glistenings but acquired a dense haze seen as minute glistenings (4.0 μm) at × 80 magnification. The glistening quantity in the Sensar IOLs was fairly stable upon cooling; a statistical increase was seen on the last day (P = .007). Cooling nearly doubled the size of the Sensar glistenings, which were the largest at room temperature, 21.7 μm (P < .001). Conclusions: Glistening quantity varied among hydrophobic acrylic IOLs and was temperature dependent. Sensar IOLs were more stable than the 2 other IOL types. The glistening phenomenon must be studied further to eliminate the problem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1262-1268
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of cataract and refractive surgery
Volume28
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 25 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

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