Improving intraoperative handoffs for ambulatory anesthesia: Challenges and solutions for the anesthesiologist

Franklin Dexter, Brian Mark Osman, Richard H. Epstein

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Permanent transitions of care from one anesthesia provider to another are associated with adverse events and mortality. There are currently no available data on how to mitigate these poor patient outcomes other than to reduce the occurrence of such handoffs. We used data from an ambulatory surgery center to demonstrate the steps that can be taken to achieve this goal. First, perform statistical forecasting using many months of historical data to create optimal, as opposed to arbitrary shift durations. Second, consider assigning the anesthesia providers designated to work late, if necessary, to the ORs estimated to finish the earliest, rather than latest. We performed multiple analyses showing the quantitative advantage of this strategy for the ambulatory surgery center with multiple brief cases. Third, sequence the cases in the 1 or 2 ORs with the latest scheduled end times so that the briefest cases are finished last. If a supervising anesthesiologist needs to be relieved early for administrative duties (eg, head of the group to meet with administrators or surgeons), assign the anesthesiologist to an OR that finishes with several brief cases. The rationale for these recommendations is that such strategies provide multiple opportunities for a different anesthesia provider to assume responsibility for the patients between cases, thus avoiding a handoff altogether.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-46
Number of pages10
JournalLocal and Regional Anesthesia
StatePublished - 2019


  • Case duration prediction
  • Case sequencing
  • Handoff
  • Staff assignment
  • Staff scheduling
  • Staffing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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