Improving Exercise Adherence and Physical Measures in English-Speaking Latina Women

Lorena Martin, Joseph F. Signorile, Barbara E. Kahn, Andrew W. Perkins, Soyeon Ahn, Arlette C. Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data have established that lack of physical activity increases risk factors for chronic diseases. Data also suggests that physical activity participation is lowest in minority women, particularly Latinas, and that the nature of the exercise and attitudes toward exercise may influence exercise adherence. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of hypertrophy training (HT) or power training (PT) used concomitantly with evaluative conditioning (EC) or neutral conditioning (NC) on exercise adherence as well as in physical and psychosocial variables in Latina women. EC is a behavioral method using paired stimuli to develop and strengthen new associations in memory.

METHODS: Two hundred thirty-one English-speaking Latina women (mean ± SD, age 36.8 ± 15.9 years) were randomly assigned to standard HT or high-speed circuit PT and then further stratified to receive EC or NC.

RESULTS: One hundred forty-two Latina women completed pre- and posttesting. For HT, EC produced significantly greater exercise time across the training period than NC. HT and PT both significantly improved all physical, functional, and psychosocial variables, with exception of leg extension and usual gait speed (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: EC can positively impact exercise adherence during HT in Latina women; while body composition, neuromuscular, and functional performances can be increased using HT and PT independent of psychological conditioning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)517-526
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Circuit training
  • Health disparities
  • Latina women
  • Physical activity
  • Psychology
  • Resistance training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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