Improving construct measurement in management research

Comments and a quantitative approach for assessing the theoretical content adequacy of paper-and-pencil survey-type instruments

Chester Schriesheim, Kathleen J. Powers, Teresa Scandura, Claudia C. Gardiner, Melenie J. Lankau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

257 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A cursory review of the measurement practices found in four diverse management journals is briefly reported, suggesting that the current authors' concerns about serious measurement deficiencies in at least some subdomains of the field may not be groundless. Then, it is suggested that the demonstration of instrument content adequacy be demanded as an initial step toward construct validation by all studies which use new, modified, or previously unexamined measures. Although adequate content is a necessary pre-condition for instrument validity, there are no well-established quantitative methods for examining content adequacy. Consequently, the main focus of this article is to propose a new approach for the quantitative assessment of content adequacy and to illustrate this approach by evaluating a commonly-used job satisfaction scale. Problems in and suggestions for the use of this method are presented, along with implications and potential new applications of the method for management research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-417
Number of pages33
JournalJournal of Management
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

Fingerprint

Adequacy
Management research
Construct measurement
Quantitative methods
Job satisfaction
Construct validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Finance

Cite this

Improving construct measurement in management research : Comments and a quantitative approach for assessing the theoretical content adequacy of paper-and-pencil survey-type instruments. / Schriesheim, Chester; Powers, Kathleen J.; Scandura, Teresa; Gardiner, Claudia C.; Lankau, Melenie J.

In: Journal of Management, Vol. 19, No. 2, 01.01.1993, p. 385-417.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{48baa33d0d6d4a26a0ff020926a6d5c0,
title = "Improving construct measurement in management research: Comments and a quantitative approach for assessing the theoretical content adequacy of paper-and-pencil survey-type instruments",
abstract = "A cursory review of the measurement practices found in four diverse management journals is briefly reported, suggesting that the current authors' concerns about serious measurement deficiencies in at least some subdomains of the field may not be groundless. Then, it is suggested that the demonstration of instrument content adequacy be demanded as an initial step toward construct validation by all studies which use new, modified, or previously unexamined measures. Although adequate content is a necessary pre-condition for instrument validity, there are no well-established quantitative methods for examining content adequacy. Consequently, the main focus of this article is to propose a new approach for the quantitative assessment of content adequacy and to illustrate this approach by evaluating a commonly-used job satisfaction scale. Problems in and suggestions for the use of this method are presented, along with implications and potential new applications of the method for management research.",
author = "Chester Schriesheim and Powers, {Kathleen J.} and Teresa Scandura and Gardiner, {Claudia C.} and Lankau, {Melenie J.}",
year = "1993",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/0149-2063(93)90058-U",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "385--417",
journal = "Journal of Management",
issn = "0149-2063",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Improving construct measurement in management research

T2 - Comments and a quantitative approach for assessing the theoretical content adequacy of paper-and-pencil survey-type instruments

AU - Schriesheim, Chester

AU - Powers, Kathleen J.

AU - Scandura, Teresa

AU - Gardiner, Claudia C.

AU - Lankau, Melenie J.

PY - 1993/1/1

Y1 - 1993/1/1

N2 - A cursory review of the measurement practices found in four diverse management journals is briefly reported, suggesting that the current authors' concerns about serious measurement deficiencies in at least some subdomains of the field may not be groundless. Then, it is suggested that the demonstration of instrument content adequacy be demanded as an initial step toward construct validation by all studies which use new, modified, or previously unexamined measures. Although adequate content is a necessary pre-condition for instrument validity, there are no well-established quantitative methods for examining content adequacy. Consequently, the main focus of this article is to propose a new approach for the quantitative assessment of content adequacy and to illustrate this approach by evaluating a commonly-used job satisfaction scale. Problems in and suggestions for the use of this method are presented, along with implications and potential new applications of the method for management research.

AB - A cursory review of the measurement practices found in four diverse management journals is briefly reported, suggesting that the current authors' concerns about serious measurement deficiencies in at least some subdomains of the field may not be groundless. Then, it is suggested that the demonstration of instrument content adequacy be demanded as an initial step toward construct validation by all studies which use new, modified, or previously unexamined measures. Although adequate content is a necessary pre-condition for instrument validity, there are no well-established quantitative methods for examining content adequacy. Consequently, the main focus of this article is to propose a new approach for the quantitative assessment of content adequacy and to illustrate this approach by evaluating a commonly-used job satisfaction scale. Problems in and suggestions for the use of this method are presented, along with implications and potential new applications of the method for management research.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0001493529&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0001493529&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0149-2063(93)90058-U

DO - 10.1016/0149-2063(93)90058-U

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 385

EP - 417

JO - Journal of Management

JF - Journal of Management

SN - 0149-2063

IS - 2

ER -