Improved use of thromboprophylaxis for deep vein thrombosis following an educational intervention.

Steven L. Cohn, Ayoola Adekile, Vishal Mahabir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We evaluated venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis rates in hospitalized medical patients in a teaching hospital, the State University of New York-Downstate Medical Center-University Hospital of Brooklyn, before and after implementation of a multifaceted VTE prophylaxis quality improvement intervention that combined regular education, dissemination of a decision support tool, and regular audit-and-feedback to resident physicians. METHODS: The charts of 312 hospitalized medical patients were retrospectively reviewed to assess baseline rates of appropriate VTE prophylaxis. Rates of appropriate VTE prophylaxis were then determined 12 and 18 months after implementation of the quality improvement intervention. Data collected included risk factors for VTE, contraindications to anticoagulant prophylaxis, type of VTE prophylaxis prescribed, and whether the prophylaxis was appropriate. RESULTS: Most of the hospitalized medically ill patients had 3 or more risk factors for VTE. At baseline, the proportion of patients receiving any form of VTE prophylaxis, primarily unfractionated heparin, was 47%. The proportion of patients for whom a physician provided appropriate prophylaxis was 43%. After the intervention, the proportion of patients receiving prophylaxis significantly increased, to 86% at 12 months, and this level was maintained at 18 months. The rate of appropriate prophylaxis increased to 68% and 85% after 12 and 18 months, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of hospitalized medical patients receiving appropriate VTE prophylaxis as recommended by evidence-based guidelines can be increased significantly by combining regular education, a decision support tool, and regular audit-and-feedback. (c) 2006 Society of Hospital Medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-338
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of hospital medicine (Online)
Volume1
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management
  • Internal Medicine
  • Fundamentals and skills
  • Health Policy
  • Care Planning
  • Assessment and Diagnosis

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