Laser photochemotherapy of malignancies may become an effective palliative treatment for advanced had and neck cancer using light-sensitive, chemotherapeutic drugs activated in tumors via interstitial laser fiberoptics. Previously, it was reported that cultured human P3 squamous cells incubated 2 hours with daunomycin (Dn) exhibited tenfold enhanced cytotoxicity after exposure to argon laser light at 514 nm. This short-term uptake leads to drug localization in cytoplasmic and membrane sites prior to nuclear accumulation and daunomycin topoisomerase inhibition. In the current study phototoxicity of Dn-sensitized human cancer cells was tested using broadspectrum white light compared to monochromatic green-wavelength light. Drug uptake and laser energy levels were optimized for maximum synergy. To test light-enhanced chemotherapy in vitro, the kinetics of cell uptake and toxicity of daunomycin was measured at 1, 2, and 5 μg/ml in three human tumor cell lines: P3 squamous-cell carcinoma, M26 melanoma, and TE671 fibrosarcoma. After 2 hr Dn uptake, all cell lines were tested for phototherapy response by exposure to 300- to 900-nm visible light from a xenon lamp or monochromatic 532-nm green light from a KTP laser. When the KTP laser output was varied from 0 to 120 Joules in Dn-sensitized tumor cells, a linear phototherapy response was seen with energy as low as 12 J inducing drug phototoxicity. These results provide evidence that daunomycin cytotoxicity is enhanced when exposed to 532-nm laser illumination in the three tumor types tested and confirm that the response is related to both energy level and drug dose.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Lasers in Surgery and Medicine|
|State||Published - Aug 5 1998|
- KTP laser
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