Improved conjunctival microcirculation in diabetic retinopathy patients with MTHFR polymorphisms after Ocufolin™ Administration

Zhiping Liu, Hong Jiang, Justin H. Townsend, Jianhua Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate conjunctival microvascular responses in patients with mild diabetic retinopathy (MDR) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphisms (D + PM) after administration of Ocufolin™, a medical food containing 900 μg L-methylfolate (levomefolate calcium or [6S]-5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid, calcium salt), methylcobalamin, and other ingredients. Methods: Eight D + PM patients received Ocufolin™ for six months (6 M). Bulbar conjunctival microvasculature and microcirculation metrics, including vessel diameter (D), axial blood flow velocity (Va), cross-sectional blood flow velocity (Vs), flow rate (Q), and vessel density (VD, Dbox), were measured at baseline, 4 M, and 6 M. Results: The mean age was 54 ± 7 years. No significant demographic differences were found. Conjunctival microcirculation, measured as Va, Vs, and Q was significantly increased at 4 M and 6 M, compared to baseline. Va was 0.44 ± 0.10 mm/s, 0.58 ± 0.13 mm/s, 0.59 ± 0.13 mm/s in baseline, 4 M, and 6 M, respectively (P < 0.01). Similarly, Vs was 0.31 ± 0.07 mm/s, 0.40 ± 0.09 mm/s, 0.41 ± 0.09 mm/s in baseline, 4 M, and 6 M, respectively (P < 0.05). Q was 107.8 ± 49.4 pl/s, 178.0 ± 125.8 pl/s, 163.3 ± 85.8 mm/s in baseline, 4 M, and 6 M, respectively (P < 0.05). The VD at 6 M was significantly higher than that at baseline (P = 0.017). Changes of D were positively correlated with changes of Va, Q, and VD. Effects of MTHFR and haptoglobin polymorphisms on the improvements of conjunctival microcirculation and microvasculature were found. Conclusions: Ocufolin™ supplementation improves conjunctival microcirculation in patients with diabetic retinopathy and common folate polymorphisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104066
JournalMicrovascular Research
Volume132
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Conjunctival microcirculation
  • Conjunctival microvasculature
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Functional slit-lamp biomicroscopy
  • Haptoglobin
  • L-methylfolate
  • MTHFR
  • Medical food

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Improved conjunctival microcirculation in diabetic retinopathy patients with MTHFR polymorphisms after Ocufolin™ Administration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this