The Impact of Typhoons on the Ocean in the Pacific/Tropical Cyclone Structure 2010 (ITOP/TCS10) program combined intensive meteorological and oceanographic observations of TCs in the western North Pacific to study these interactions and compare them to previous measurements in the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. The experiment focused on the western tropical North Pacific, a region with the highest climatological density of typhoons. This region has strong north-south gradients in ocean stratification. The ITOP experimental strategy used both traditional and newly developed tools to sample oceanic and atmospheric variability on a variety of space and time scales. The research vessels Revelle, Ocean Researcher 1, and Ocean Researcher 3 were used to deploy and recover the moorings and to study the evolution of the storm wakes on time scales of days to many weeks. ITOP was able to estimate directly the oceanic influence on air-sea fluxes by measuring ocean and atmospheric properties simultaneously using pairs of dropsondes and AXBTs deployed in each storm's inner core.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atmospheric Science