Background. Infusion of shed mediastinal blood using an autotransfusion system is a widely applied technique of blood conservation in cardiac surgery. Serial determinations of serum creatine kinase (CK), its MB isoenzyme (CK-MB), and lactate hydrogenase (LDH) levels have been used to monitor perioperative myocardial injury. We investigated the impact of postoperative autotransfused blood infusion on serum levels of these enzymes. Methods. We performed a retrospective analysis of postoperative serum CK, CK-MB, and LDH levels of 300 patients who had elective uncomplicated aortocoronary bypass grafting. Shed mediastinal blood samples from 26 patients were analyzed for CK, CK-MB (enzymatic activity and mass), and LDH levels before infusion. Results. High postoperative serum levels of CK and LDH were observed after infusion of autotransfused blood. Shed mediastinal blood contained extremely high levels of these enzymes, particularly from patients who had internal mammary artery dissection. There was a strong correlation (r = 0.96) between measured CK-MB enzyme activities and those calculated from the CK-MB mass units. Conclusions. Infusion of autotransfused blood containing high concentrations of CK and LDH results in elevated serum levels of these enzymes. Hemolysis, frequently present in shed blood, does not interfere with the routine biochemical assays for CK and CK-MB enzyme activities. Caution should be taken when postoperative cardiac enzyme levels are used to determine myocardial injury after aortocoronary bypass grafting if autotransfusion is used as a method of blood conservation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine