Impact of quadriceps strengthening on response to fatiguing exercise following ACL reconstruction

Christopher Kuenze, Moataz Mohamed Eltoukhy, Adam Kelly, Chang Young Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Patients commonly experience altered response to fatiguing exercise after ACL reconstruction (ACLR). The objective of this study was to assess the impact of quadriceps strengthening on response to exercise after ACLR. Design: Clinical trial. Methods: Ten participants with a history of primary, unilateral ACLR (sex=9F/1M, age=21.0±2.8 years, BMI=23.7±2.7kg/m2) and 10 healthy participants (sex=9F/1M, age=22.2±3.2 years, BMI=23.8±3.9kg/m2) participated. ACLR participants completed a 2-week quadriceps strengthening intervention including 14 progressive strengthening exercise sessions. Normalized knee extension maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) torque (Nm/kg) and quadriceps central activation ratio (%, CAR) were measured before and after a 30-minute fatiguing exercise protocol. ACLR participants completed testing before and after the 2-week intervention while control participants completed a single testing session. Results: The intervention significantly improved normalized knee extension MVIC torque (pre-intervention = 1.85. ±. 0.67Nm/kg, post-intervention = 2.09. ±. 0.81Nm/kg, p = 0.04) and quadriceps CAR in the ACLR involved limb (pre-intervention = 86.51. ±. 5.03%, post-intervention = 92.94. ±. 5.99%, p = 0.02). Quadriceps CAR (pre-intervention = 1.13. ±. 9.04%, post-intervention = -3.97. ±. 4.59%, p = 0.16) and normalized knee extension MVIC torque (pre-intervention = 0.26. ±. 20.90%, post-intervention = -8.02. ±. 12.82%, p = 0.30) response to exercise did not significantly change from pre-intervention to post-intervention conditions. Conclusions: Two weeks of quadriceps strengthening reduced this between group difference in the involved limb which may indicate restoration of more optimal quadriceps neuromuscular function and increased demand on the quadriceps during physical activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Aug 25 2015

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Exercise
Isometric Contraction
Torque
Knee
Extremities
Healthy Volunteers
Clinical Trials

Keywords

  • Disinhibitory modalities
  • Knee injuries
  • Muscle fatigue
  • Quadriceps muscle
  • Torque

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Impact of quadriceps strengthening on response to fatiguing exercise following ACL reconstruction. / Kuenze, Christopher; Eltoukhy, Moataz Mohamed; Kelly, Adam; Kim, Chang Young.

In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 25.08.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Impact of quadriceps strengthening on response to fatiguing exercise following ACL reconstruction",
abstract = "Objectives: Patients commonly experience altered response to fatiguing exercise after ACL reconstruction (ACLR). The objective of this study was to assess the impact of quadriceps strengthening on response to exercise after ACLR. Design: Clinical trial. Methods: Ten participants with a history of primary, unilateral ACLR (sex=9F/1M, age=21.0±2.8 years, BMI=23.7±2.7kg/m2) and 10 healthy participants (sex=9F/1M, age=22.2±3.2 years, BMI=23.8±3.9kg/m2) participated. ACLR participants completed a 2-week quadriceps strengthening intervention including 14 progressive strengthening exercise sessions. Normalized knee extension maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) torque (Nm/kg) and quadriceps central activation ratio ({\%}, CAR) were measured before and after a 30-minute fatiguing exercise protocol. ACLR participants completed testing before and after the 2-week intervention while control participants completed a single testing session. Results: The intervention significantly improved normalized knee extension MVIC torque (pre-intervention = 1.85. ±. 0.67Nm/kg, post-intervention = 2.09. ±. 0.81Nm/kg, p = 0.04) and quadriceps CAR in the ACLR involved limb (pre-intervention = 86.51. ±. 5.03{\%}, post-intervention = 92.94. ±. 5.99{\%}, p = 0.02). Quadriceps CAR (pre-intervention = 1.13. ±. 9.04{\%}, post-intervention = -3.97. ±. 4.59{\%}, p = 0.16) and normalized knee extension MVIC torque (pre-intervention = 0.26. ±. 20.90{\%}, post-intervention = -8.02. ±. 12.82{\%}, p = 0.30) response to exercise did not significantly change from pre-intervention to post-intervention conditions. Conclusions: Two weeks of quadriceps strengthening reduced this between group difference in the involved limb which may indicate restoration of more optimal quadriceps neuromuscular function and increased demand on the quadriceps during physical activity.",
keywords = "Disinhibitory modalities, Knee injuries, Muscle fatigue, Quadriceps muscle, Torque",
author = "Christopher Kuenze and Eltoukhy, {Moataz Mohamed} and Adam Kelly and Kim, {Chang Young}",
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AU - Eltoukhy, Moataz Mohamed

AU - Kelly, Adam

AU - Kim, Chang Young

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N2 - Objectives: Patients commonly experience altered response to fatiguing exercise after ACL reconstruction (ACLR). The objective of this study was to assess the impact of quadriceps strengthening on response to exercise after ACLR. Design: Clinical trial. Methods: Ten participants with a history of primary, unilateral ACLR (sex=9F/1M, age=21.0±2.8 years, BMI=23.7±2.7kg/m2) and 10 healthy participants (sex=9F/1M, age=22.2±3.2 years, BMI=23.8±3.9kg/m2) participated. ACLR participants completed a 2-week quadriceps strengthening intervention including 14 progressive strengthening exercise sessions. Normalized knee extension maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) torque (Nm/kg) and quadriceps central activation ratio (%, CAR) were measured before and after a 30-minute fatiguing exercise protocol. ACLR participants completed testing before and after the 2-week intervention while control participants completed a single testing session. Results: The intervention significantly improved normalized knee extension MVIC torque (pre-intervention = 1.85. ±. 0.67Nm/kg, post-intervention = 2.09. ±. 0.81Nm/kg, p = 0.04) and quadriceps CAR in the ACLR involved limb (pre-intervention = 86.51. ±. 5.03%, post-intervention = 92.94. ±. 5.99%, p = 0.02). Quadriceps CAR (pre-intervention = 1.13. ±. 9.04%, post-intervention = -3.97. ±. 4.59%, p = 0.16) and normalized knee extension MVIC torque (pre-intervention = 0.26. ±. 20.90%, post-intervention = -8.02. ±. 12.82%, p = 0.30) response to exercise did not significantly change from pre-intervention to post-intervention conditions. Conclusions: Two weeks of quadriceps strengthening reduced this between group difference in the involved limb which may indicate restoration of more optimal quadriceps neuromuscular function and increased demand on the quadriceps during physical activity.

AB - Objectives: Patients commonly experience altered response to fatiguing exercise after ACL reconstruction (ACLR). The objective of this study was to assess the impact of quadriceps strengthening on response to exercise after ACLR. Design: Clinical trial. Methods: Ten participants with a history of primary, unilateral ACLR (sex=9F/1M, age=21.0±2.8 years, BMI=23.7±2.7kg/m2) and 10 healthy participants (sex=9F/1M, age=22.2±3.2 years, BMI=23.8±3.9kg/m2) participated. ACLR participants completed a 2-week quadriceps strengthening intervention including 14 progressive strengthening exercise sessions. Normalized knee extension maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) torque (Nm/kg) and quadriceps central activation ratio (%, CAR) were measured before and after a 30-minute fatiguing exercise protocol. ACLR participants completed testing before and after the 2-week intervention while control participants completed a single testing session. Results: The intervention significantly improved normalized knee extension MVIC torque (pre-intervention = 1.85. ±. 0.67Nm/kg, post-intervention = 2.09. ±. 0.81Nm/kg, p = 0.04) and quadriceps CAR in the ACLR involved limb (pre-intervention = 86.51. ±. 5.03%, post-intervention = 92.94. ±. 5.99%, p = 0.02). Quadriceps CAR (pre-intervention = 1.13. ±. 9.04%, post-intervention = -3.97. ±. 4.59%, p = 0.16) and normalized knee extension MVIC torque (pre-intervention = 0.26. ±. 20.90%, post-intervention = -8.02. ±. 12.82%, p = 0.30) response to exercise did not significantly change from pre-intervention to post-intervention conditions. Conclusions: Two weeks of quadriceps strengthening reduced this between group difference in the involved limb which may indicate restoration of more optimal quadriceps neuromuscular function and increased demand on the quadriceps during physical activity.

KW - Disinhibitory modalities

KW - Knee injuries

KW - Muscle fatigue

KW - Quadriceps muscle

KW - Torque

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