Impact of Prenatal Diagnosis of Complex Congenital Heart Disease on Neonatal and Infant Morbidity and Mortality

Abhishek Chakraborty, Sudheer Gorla, Sethuraman Swaminathan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract


Objectives

The objective of this study was to analyze the benefits associated with prenatal diagnosis of complex congenital heart disease (CHD) on preoperative morbidity, 30‐day and 1‐year mortality in this population.

Method

This was a retrospective review of patients with complex CHD born at our tertiary care center over a 10‐year period. Date analysis using student T‐test and chi square test.

Results

The overall rate of prenatal detection of complex CHD was 68.1%. A steady increase in the number of complex CHD diagnosed prenatally was noted during the study period. The prenatal diagnosis of complex CHD was associated with significant reduction in the incidence of the following preoperative parameters: antibiotic use, mechanical ventilation, inotropic support, hepatic and renal dysfunction, and acidosis. These beneficial effects were more significant in ductal dependent cardiac anomalies. However there were no neonatal and infant survival benefits in association with prenatal diagnosis.

Conclusion

Prenatal diagnosis of complex CHD leads to improved preoperative morbidity, especially in patients with ductal dependent cardiac anomalies. No survival benefits were noted with prenatal diagnosis of complex CHD.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPrenatal Diagnosis
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

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