Background: The recently published multicenter randomized DAWN trial confirmed greater outcome benefit of endovascular therapy (ET) for anterior circulation large vessel occlusion ischemic stroke from 6 to 24 h from symptom onset compared to medical management in patients selected by advanced imaging with MRI or perfusion CT to identify mismatch between clinical deficit and infarct volume, which represents salvageable penumbra. The debate of CT over MRI is usually the potentially increase time consumption and the difficulty in establishing an adequate standardized workflow utilizing MRI during the hyperacute phase. Purpose: While CT-based selection of patients is the current standard of care, we sought to determine the time impact of the alternative approach of MRI selection in the 0-12 h window. Methods: In the MRI in Acute Management of Ischemic Stroke (MIAMIS) registry, we retrospectively analyzed 89 consecutive patients from January 2008 to January 2010 who presented with acute stroke symptoms with a National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score ≥5 or aphasia within 0-12 h from symptom onset. The presence of penumbra was determined by MR perfusion-diffusion mismatch or clinical diffusion mismatch. Patients were stratified based on the presence of mismatch and clinical outcomes in patients who received ET. Imaging times were recorded. Results: The MRI turnaround time was 95.5 ± 48.5 min. The total MRI time was 27.7 ± 12.8 min. Seventeen (19.1%) patients were found to have nonvascular etiology. Mismatch was found in 35 (48.6%) patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Patients with nonvascular etiology were younger (55.7 vs. 65.6 years, p < 0.02), without any vessel occlusion or mismatch noticed in this group. We dichotomized the 39 AIS patients with vessel occlusion into two subgroups: These with mismatch and these without. Patients without mismatch were older (76.7 vs. 64.4 years, p < 0.05), more likely to have congestive heart failure (71.4 vs. 22%, p < 0.03), a higher total serum cholesterol level (196 vs. 156 mg/dL, p < 0.04), and medium to large lesions on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) (85.7 vs. 37.5%, p < 0.04). Conclusions: Multimodality MRI screening for AIS symptoms for ET is feasible. Optimizing each center's protocol and the utilization of MRI with DWI only may be a time-saving alternative.
- Acute ischemic stroke
- Endovascular therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine