Impact of end stage renal disease on in-hospital outcomes of patients with systolic and diastolic heart failure (insights from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample 2010 to 2014)

Alejandro Lemor, Gabriel A. Hernandez, Shawn Lee, Nish Patel, Vanessa Blumer, Amit Badiye, Carlos Alfonso, Gregg C. Fonarow, Jo Ann Lindenfeld, Sandra Chaparro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Heart Failure (HF) and end stage renal disease (ESRD) are associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and are responsible for an immense economic burden. We sought to evaluate the impact of ESRD in heart failure by using a national cohort. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study using the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) of patients hospitalized with HF from 2010 to 2014. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Multivariate regression was used for the statistical analysis. Results: We identified a total 1,587,172 patients with systolic HF and 1,316,220 with diastolic HF. Patients with systolic HF and ESRD had higher in-hospital mortality (4.6% vs 2.7% OR: 1.86, p < 0.001). The in-hospital mortality in diastolic HF and ESRD was 2.7% vs 2.5% in those without ESRD (OR:1.11, p = 0.03). Patients with systolic HF and ESRD had significantly higher rates of ICU admissions (OR: 1.56, p < 0.001), mean length of stay (+1.5 days, p < 0.001), median hospital costs (p < 0.001), and acute respiratory failure (OR: 1.58, p < 0.001). Similarly, patients with diastolic HF and ESRD also had significantly higher rates of ICU admissions (OR: 1.59, p < 0.001), acute respiratory failure (OR: 1.54, p < 0.001), mean length of stay (+1.1 days, p < 0.001), and median hospital costs (p < 0.001). Conclusion: ESRD is associated with significantly increased in-hospital mortality in HF but the increase is nearly two-fold (86%) for systolic HF and very modest (11%) in diastolic HF. However, hospital costs, ICU admissions, acute respiratory failure, and length of stay are similarly higher for patients with both systolic and diastolic HF and ESRD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-179
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume266
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

Keywords

  • End stage renal disease
  • Heart failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Impact of end stage renal disease on in-hospital outcomes of patients with systolic and diastolic heart failure (insights from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample 2010 to 2014)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this