Impact of behavioral inhibition and parenting style on internalizing and externalizing problems from early childhood through adolescence

Lela Rankin Williams, Kathryn A. Degnan, Koraly E. Perez-Edgar, Heather A. Henderson, Kenneth H. Rubin, Daniel S. Pine, Laurence Steinberg, Nathan A. Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

143 Scopus citations

Abstract

Behavioral inhibition (BI) is characterized by a pattern of extreme social reticence, risk for internalizing behavior problems, and possible protection against externalizing behavior problems. Parenting style may also contribute to these associations between BI and behavior problems (BP). A sample of 113 children was assessed for BI in the laboratory at 14 and 24 months of age, self-report of maternal parenting style at 7 years of age, and maternal report of child internalizing and externalizing BP at 4, 7, and 15 years. Internalizing problems at age 4 were greatest among behaviorally inhibited children who also were exposed to permissive parenting. Furthermore, greater authoritative parenting was associated with less of an increase in internalizing behavior problems over time and greater authoritarian parenting was associated with a steeper decline in externalizing problems. Results highlight the importance of considering child and environmental factors in longitudinal patterns of BP across childhood and adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1063-1075
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume37
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • Externalizing
  • Internalizing
  • Longitudinal
  • Parenting
  • Temperament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Williams, L. R., Degnan, K. A., Perez-Edgar, K. E., Henderson, H. A., Rubin, K. H., Pine, D. S., Steinberg, L., & Fox, N. A. (2009). Impact of behavioral inhibition and parenting style on internalizing and externalizing problems from early childhood through adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37(8), 1063-1075. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-009-9331-3