HIV-positive patients have lower colon cancer screening rates and are at increased risk for colon adenocarcinoma. We tested a transdisciplinary prevention model to increase provider and patient adherence to screening colonoscopy. Of 1,339 HIV-positive patients with scheduled clinic appointments during the period September to November 2009, we identified 400 records of eligible patients ≥50 years and retrospectively reviewed for screening colonoscopy referral; if never referred, flagged for referral at next visit. Providers referred 43.5% (174/400) patients and 36.2% (63/174) kept appointment. Within 6 months before the study, 337 patients attended clinic and providers referred 18%. Note that 211/226 patients with flagged records attended clinic at least once during the study 6-month period and providers referred (43.6%). The referral rate for flagged records was significantly different from that for the prior 6 months (p < 0.0001). A randomized trial compared the efficacy of patient decision support versus usual care on screening adherence. Among patients randomized to intervention 17 (51.5%) compared to usual care only 16 (48.5%), intervention group showed significant adherence of 70.6% (12/17) versus 29.4% (5/16), (p = 0.024). In addition, intervention patients had good bowel preparation of 76.9% (10/13) versus usual care 23.1% (3/13), (p = 0.05). This transdisciplinary intervention model significantly increased provider and patient screening colonoscopy behavior.
- Behavioral studies
- Colon cancer
- Evidence based medicine
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)