Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a chemotherapy-resistant disease, and current molecularly targeted therapies offer limited clinical benefit but no cures. The observation that RCC is immunogenic led to immune-based strategies for the treatment of this disease. Immunotherapy with high-dose IL-2 can induce long-term, complete responses in a small percentage of patients. IFN has been used as an immune intervention as well but with much less success than IL-2. Currently IFN is used only in combination with the anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody bevacizumab. Further investigation of novel immune interventions in RCC is ongoing with promising results. Dendritic cell vaccines have been tested in single-arm clinical trials suggesting improved survival when added to standard anti-angiogenic therapy. Monoclonal antibodies against PD-1 and PD-L1, novel immune targets, have shown promising response in phase I trials. Peptide vaccines have shown efficacy in phase II trials as well. Phase III trials to test these immune interventions are currently ongoing and have the potential to bring new, effective treatment options for patients with advanced RCC.